In Singapore, admiralty law deals with certain claims against ships, shipowners or ship charterers that fall under the admiralty jurisdiction of the General Division of the High Court.
Refer to Section 3 of the High Court (Admiralty Jurisdiction) Act for more information.
Some examples of admiralty cases that the General Division of the High Court can hear include:
Admiralty proceedings can be against one or both of the following types of parties:
If you file the claim, you are the plaintiff.
If you are the party against whom the claim is filed, you are the defendant. A ship can be a defendant in admiralty proceedings.
If your case includes arresting a ship, it will also involve:
As the plaintiff, you need to file a Writ of Summons via eLitigation and serve it on the defendant to start a claim. The form you should use depends on who you are filing against:
If you are filing against...
Form to use
A person (in personam)
|Writ of Summons (Form 2 of the Rules of Court)|
A ship or vessel (in rem)
|Writ of Summons in action in rem (Form 159 of the Rules of Court) |
Note: Although an in rem Writ may be issued when the ship is out of jurisdiction (outside Singapore), the Writ can only be served on the ship when the ship is within Singapore port limits.
The Writ will be valid for 12 months. To renew a Writ, you may file a summons.
The court will arrange for you and the other party to attend a pre-trial conference (PTC). This will usually be within 6 weeks after the Writ is issued.
At the PTC, a registrar will usually seek an update on the status of an action. The registrar will then give the parties directions to progress with the action in a quick and fair way. For example, the registrar may direct parties to file interlocutory applications within a certain timeline.
If you are applying to arrest a ship, you will need to file additional documents and apply for a warrant of arrest.
You will be known as the arresting party and will need to appoint the following:
Note: Refer to the Admiralty court guide for the detailed requirements and process.
After the ship has been arrested, the court may order the Sheriff to sell the ship. Find out more about the arrest and sale of ships.
Refer to Appendix B of the Rules of Court for the fees related to admiralty proceedings.
Refer to the Admiralty court guide.
If you are not represented by a lawyer, you may: